The project is based on the platform of Internet of things (IoT) Thinking Things of Telefónica in collaboration with the Foundation Center for research in ethology and biodiversity (Fieb) in Casarrubios del Monte (Toledo), whose first work has been for the most endangered mammal in Europe: the mink.
Telefónica He has performed in the center of the Foundation for research in ethology and biodiversity)FIEB), located in the town of Toledo of Casarrubios del Monte, the first results of the platform's study of behavior in wildlife SMARTfieb, which uses technology IoT (Internet of things - Internet of Things) for this company, and that it has applied to the study and protection of the European Mink)Mustela lutreola), whose population of the Iberian peninsula is the last representation of the continent of this species of which little is known.
The SMARTfieb platform is designed with a dual objective: control infrastructures and the research centre environment conditions and enable the implementation of advanced technologies for the automatic recognition of video to study non-invasive of animals. In this way, Fieb controls centrally the infrastructure of water and power, as well as the temperature and humidity of the facilities with animals.
Using technologies of RFID, video analysis (with the company of network video surveillance technology Mobotix) and sensing of the environment systems (teams of) Rapsberry Pi Y Arduino), SMARTfieb facilitates the gathering of critical information to improve programs of study and breeding of the most threatened animals such as the European Mink.
The data generated by these devices and sensors are collected in real time and stored in the IoT Thinking Things of Telefónica platform, to facilitate its analysis and subsequent consultation with tools based on the European standards Fiware, with which this company extends the use and application of IoT, far more focused on industry and Smart Cities, to the scientific community.
Operation of the nest box: sensors that cross data
SmartFieb technology allows to automatically detect behaviour patterns in the next spring breeding season to predict biological key moments as zeal, childbirth or entry, as well as situations that get out than usual, as the stress or the emergence of diseases, all minimizing physical contact with animals.
As part of the project has developed a web specific, in which the interested user will have information and development of the project, as well as access in real time to the IP cameras installed in some of the areas of breeding projects.
Endangered species conservation projects
Since 2005 there is a program of breeding in captivity of the European Mink in the national strategy for the conservation of the species, coordinated by the Magrama, involving the autonomous community of La Rioja, the three councils of the Basque country, Aragon, Castilla y León, Navarre and Catalonia. The breeding of Fieb Centre houses ten copies destined for captive breeding in facilities specially designed for these mammals.
As well as recreating the ecosystem of ribera and provide the maximum space possible, facilities include technology to make observations of behavior 24 hours a day. In addition to a set of network cameras with HD resolution for day and night, modules which houses the European Minks have sensors for presence/absence, weight sensors, IP camera with Mobotix heat and a meteorological station footprint for data of temperature, quality of the air, UVA/UVB radiation, humidity and rainfall.
The application of this technology will allow knowing the effects of different meteorological factors and their variation over time in the behaviour of the European Minks and, as applications continue to develop, move to studies in field , to the impact of climate change on endangered species, etc.
With SMARTfieb, Telefónica joins the efforts for the protection of this species technologically working on the premises of the Fieb began to develop by 2013 thanks to the support of the Ministry of agriculture, food and environment, through Fundación Biodiversidad and Acciona.
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